In this IPTV tutorial, we will explore everything about Internet Protocol TV including its definition, features, architecture, protocols, benefits, etc .:
What is IPTV?
Internet Protocol Television can be defined as the broadband medium that provides multimedia services in the form of television, audio, video, graphics, etc. distributed over Internet Protocol networks intended to provide the desired quality of service, security and reliability of the substance.
IPTV has become the most efficient mode of transmission of television programs. Usually, it works on demand and only broadcasts the program requested by the subscriber. Each time you change your channel, it will transmit a new set of streams to the viewer.
On the other hand, in the conventional mode of transmission of TV programs, all the channels are broadcast simultaneously.
Its use is not only limited to Internet TV, but it is most widely used in subscriber-based high-speed telecommunications networks to access client-side channels using set-top boxes and routers.
So nowadays it can be watched on PC, laptop and even smartphone if you have a broadband connection to access its services.
Types of Internet Protocol TV
# 1) Live TV: Live broadcast TV or live streaming video / audio / game etc. with minimal latency like watching live cricket match, live soccer, watch final reality shows etc. in real time as when it happens.
# 2) Digital Video Recorder (DVR) or Timer TV: It allows you to watch TV shows that were originally broadcast a few hours before or a few days before and replay the current shows in progress.
Users can watch their favorite shows later and even if they miss their broadcast due to lack of time when it is time to broadcast on TV.
# 3) Video on Demand (VOD): Each user will have a collection of different media files that are stored in their device and one can browse and watch them anytime just by selecting them. This feature of Internet Protocol TV uses the real-time transmission protocol for transmission because it deploys the unicast transmission mode.
The most demanding VoD services these days are Netflix and Amazon Prime Video.
Some features of Internet TV
This technology provides interactive television with two-way competence. Thus, it offers customization of services and the subscriber can choose what he wants to see and when to see.
Service providers can conserve bandwidth used because content is only delivered at the request of the network-based end user.
The services can be viewed not only on TV, but we can also watch them on desktop, laptop, smartphone and tablet, etc.
It also supports features like music on demand, TV pause, fast forward TV (it can skip commercials), TV replay, weather information and media player, etc.
Advertising can also be done through IPTV, because ad insertion is done in many videos that we watch online and we cannot ignore them completely, and we have to watch some of them.
History of IPTV
The term IPTV entered the limelight in 1995 because it was developed by precept software that was a combination of Mbone compatible windows and a UNIX-centric application used to transmit single and multiple source audio and video content using real-time transport protocol (RTP) and real-time control protocol (RTCP).
In 1999, a UK telecommunications company named Kingston Communications launched IPTV via a digital subscriber line (DSL). Further in 2001 he also added a VoD service which was actually a very first service of its kind launched by any organization in the world and he also makes it commercial to use.
In 2005, one of the North American firms launched the high-definition television channel via Internet Protocol TV.
In addition, in 2010, many Asian and European countries also launched VoD service together with Internet service providers on abonnement IPTV. They have also launched DVR services via set-top boxes.