Human beings regularly transport animals under their control using road, rail and air. Specialist companies have sprung up that deal with the transportation of differing groups of animals. Here is a guide to 4 kinds of specialist animal transportation.
Although most small pets can be transported in a regular car, there are circumstances in which a third-party may be needed to safely convey a beloved creature. Large pets or frail pets, for instance, need to be taken great care of in transit. Long journeys – such as a cross country move – are also best stewarded over by a professional. Specialist dog or cat transport can be found online through companies such as Shiply in the USA.
Livestock is regularly transported on the roads and rails of America. Due to inhumane treatment of livestock animals in transit in years gone by, several laws have been put in place for their welfare. One of the most important is the ’28 hour law’. This law stipulates that livestock animals must not be kept confined in a vehicle for longer than 28 hours. They must be unloaded and allowed food and water before 28 hours is up. Although this may not sound like a very humane law at all, it is certainly better than the lack of welfare guidance given in the past. Specialist livestock transport companies work in conjunction with farmers and slaughterhouses to meet very tight demands.
Horses pose several problems when it comes to transport. They are large and strong, but surprisingly sensitive and fragile. Horses typically lose 5 percent of their bodyweight during long journeys. This is due to their reluctance to drink and eat while on the road. They are also prone to damaging their hooves on the hard metal slats of a truck – requiring special hoof wraps in order to prevent this. Horses also gather mucus in their long noses during a long-confined journey. This can lead to a condition commonly known as travel sickness. They must be allowed to drain this mucus every 3 or so hours. Specialist equine transport companies can justifiably charge quite large sums of money.
Birds present some rather unique challenges when it comes to transportation. Most notably, their ability to fly makes them rather hard to pin down. Poultry livestock has long been transported in baskets or square cages. People have been taking chickens to market in such devices for many thousands of years. Most birds are not anywhere near as easy to transport as chickens.
Birds of prey, for instance, often require a great deal of documentation and a moving aviary in order to be transported legally. Moving birds of prey around the world can disrupt fragile ecosystems, which is why a great many governments keep a close eye on their proliferation. Many birds of prey are also rare, which makes removing them from their natural habitat very foolish indeed. Aviary owners need to consult specialist bird transportation services in order to import birds of prey.