12 Items in an Emergency Kit

The continuing changes with the effects of global warming result in unwarranted calamities. For this reason, you have to make sure that you have an emergency kit ready at all times. You’ll never know when you and your family would need to evacuate, so you should always be prepared.

12 Important Items You Should Have in Your Emergency Kit

1.    Bottled Water

One of the basic needs of every human being is water. It helps to have at least 3 litres of water per person for his or her drinking and sanitation needs.

2.    Food

Similarly, every person should prepare non-perishable and easy-to-prepare food items like canned, bottled or preserved foods. The amount of food should last you for about 3 days in case you need to evacuate.

3.    First Aid Case

Your emergency kit should have a first aid case containing bandages, disinfectants and over-the-counter medicines for pain, headache, fever or inflammation. In case you or any member of your family is under medication, your first aid case should also have the prescription and a 2-week medication ready.

4.    Flashlight

A flashlight can be very useful, especially when the disaster is accompanied by power interruptions. Make sure that you have prepared some spare batteries as well.

5.    Face Mask

A volcano eruption or an earthquake may warrant the use of a face mask to protect you from dust particles and other contaminants. Face masks can also aid you in case of viral epidemics which are most common in crowded evacuation centres.

6.    Local Maps

Another important thing that should be in your emergency kit is a map. This can help you locate evacuation centres, assembly points and other important locations like the whereabouts of your loved ones. Maps can also aid you to get yourself to safety.

7.    Battery-powered Radio

This may seem an old-fashioned item but it can help you receive information, data and tips regarding the disaster you are going through. It can also inform you of any known safety risks.

8.    Articles of Clothing

Another basic need of every human being is to protect himself or herself from extreme thermal conditions. Make sure to pack 2 sets of clothing per person. You should also include some emergency blankets and shoes to keep you safe and warm, especially during strong rains, floodings and typhoons.

9.    Toiletries

An emergency or disaster should not be a cause for you to neglect your hygiene. It helps to bring a couple of toiletries like a tissue roll, toothbrush, toothpaste, soap, shampoo, and some pads for the ladies.

10.         Multi-purpose Tool

One of the most popular multi-purpose tools is the swiss army knife. It consists of different tools that can be helpful in emergencies. In case you don’t have a multi-purpose tool, it is enough to bring a knife, screwdriver and manual can opener with you.

11.         Documents

When preparing your emergency kit, include a copy of important documents that can assert your identity or right over your property. It should also include the medical records of each person.

12.         Whistle

Whistles are also essential in an emergency kit. When you are trapped during a disaster, you can use the whistle to catch the attention of people. This way rescue units can easily locate your whereabouts.

Other Important Things that You May Include in Your Emergency Kit

Aside from the items discussed above, here are some other things that you may include in your kit:

  • Cellular phones and extra battery packs to help you contact emergency numbers and the people you love;
  • For pet owners, make sure to include essential pet supplies like food, sheets to warm them and some medicines;
  • Baby supplies like milk, diapers, blankets and toys;
  • Books and activity items for children;
  • Jackets, hats, gloves, socks and other things to keep you warm;
  • Rope as this can help you secure your things or build a temporary shelter;
  • Disinfectants or sanitisers like odourless bleach and alcohol;
  • Thermos bottles and flask that can contain hot water;
  • Extra cash, debit and credit cards for your financial needs;
  • Wrench, pliers, scissors, and other tools that can help you during emergencies;
  • Spare keys for the house and car;
  • Matches, lighters and candles;
  • Eyeglasses, extra set of contact lenses and solutions;
  • Sleeping bags and inflatable rafts; and
  • A mess kit containing paper plates and cups, and plastic spoons and forks.


These are things that you should include when you are preparing your emergency kit. Make sure to prioritise those that matter most to you and your family in case an emergency breaks. You should also remember to use a waterproof and fire-resistant case for your emergency kits.

Lastly, do not overload your emergency kit. While you want to ensure that your kit is complete, you also have to be able to carry it with ease, especially if you have kids or pets to take with you.

Have you prepared your emergency kit yet?

Contact Workplace Emergency Management to learn more!




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